Thyroid Diet: Hypothyroidism & Hyperthyroidism Diet Plan

Thyroid Diet: Hypothyroidism & Hyperthyroidism Diet Plan

Nowadays, due to the deteriorating lifestyle many types of physical problems have started. Especially the problem of obesity and when obesity increases, there are many types of problems in the body. Thyroid is one of the same problems. According to a survey, 4.2 crore people in India are facing thyroid problems. Now you can get a sense of how people are becoming unhealthy day by day. In this case, diet also plays a major role in thyroid. In this article, we will tell you about the diet in thyroid.

Before you know about the diet in thyroid, it is important for you to know what thyroid is.

What is thyroid?

Thyroid is not a disease, but a gland found in the shape of a butterfly in the front of the throat. Many important activities of the body are controlled by this gland. The thyroid gland produces some hormones, which are as follows – T3 ie triiodothyronine, T4 ie thyroxine and calcitonin.
These hormones have an effect on a person’s digestive system, body temperature, weight, cholesterol and many other things. When these hormones are unrestrained, more or less, it not only affects the weight, but also affects many other parts of the body. This condition is called thyroid problem.

Table of contents

Types of thyroid

Before knowing about the thyroid diet, know what types of thyroid are there? Below we are telling you about the same.

Mainly there are two types of thyroid

  1. Hypothyroidism
  2. Hyperthyroidism

In this article, we are talking about diet for both these thyroid.
Now let us also know about dietary intake in thyroid. In Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism, we will discuss what foods to eat and what foods to avoid.

1. What is Hypothyroidism?

Hypothyroidism happens when the thyroid gland produces less T3, T4 hormones. Its effect slowly starts falling on the person’s body. Due to this, problems like menstruation, weight gain, dry skin, hair loss, slow heart rate, high cholesterol, swelling on the face, goiter, muscle discomfort and constipation are started. In this case, it is important to take proper care of the diet along with the consumption of medicines.

Foods to eat with Hypothyroidism

Here are the list of some foods, which can be eaten in hypothyroidism.

1. Iodine

iodine for thyroid diet( hypothyroidism)

According to the American Thyroid Association, iodine is required for the production of thyroid hormones. Iodine deficiency can cause hypothyroidism and goiter. Since your body cannot produce iodine naturally, you should eat foods that contain a good amount of iodine. The best way to do this is to consume iodized salt.

2. Fish

fish for thyroid diet(hypothyroidism)

Fish is rich in omega-3 fatty acids and selenium. Omega-3 fatty acids can help reduce LDL, ie bad cholesterol. While selenium improves your thyroid hormone. Salmon and tuna fish should be consumed in hypothyroidism. You can consume a balanced amount of fish every day, but keep in mind that you do not cook the fish excessively.

3. Brazil nuts

brazil nut for thyroid diet( hypothyroidism)

Brazilian nuts have been considered an important source of the mineral selenium. It helps to activate or improve the inactive thyroid hormones. Scientists have also believed that supplements containing Brazil nuts improve thyroid hormone levels. Selenium helps reduce inflammation and prevents the cancer cell from spreading. You can consume Brazil nuts in a regular quantity in consultation with your doctor or any expert. Keep in mind that you should not eat it too much, because it can cause nausea, diarrhea and vomiting.

4. Eggs

eggs for hypothyroidism

Eggs will give you a lot of relief from thyroid too. Egg is an important source of iodine and protein and it can be consumed in both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. You can eat two eggs a day, but it depends on your body, because not everyone has the same body. If you have already increased cholesterol, do not consume egg yolk. Eggs will not only give your body energy and strength, but your thyroid will also be fine.

5. Flax seeds

flaxseeds for thyroid diet( hypothyroidism)

Flax seeds are good sources of omega-3 fatty acids, zinc, selenium, and iodine. It protects against many diseases and one of them is iodine deficiency disease. You can use flaxseed seed powder in your smoothie or breakfast, or you can use flaxseed oil for cooking. You can safely take two-three tablespoons of ground flax seed powder and two tablespoons of flaxseed seed oil daily. Talk to the doctor once before consuming it, because the seeds of flaxseeds do not suit everyone, everyone’s digestive power is different.

6. Broth or soup

broth for thyroid diet(hypothyroidism)

Hypothyroidism can cause your bones to weaken or fracture, so bone broth can help strengthen your bones. In addition, the broth contains glycine and an amino acid called proline, which helps to heal the digestive system and improve hypothyroidism. You can have a cup of broth for lunch or dinner. You can also add some vegetables to it, but keep in mind that you cook the vegetables well, because if some vegetables eaten raw, they can promote hypothyroidism.

These are few foods, about which we discussed. Apart from this, you can also eat legumes, foods made with olive oil, chicken, dairy products.

Foods to avoid with Hypothyroidism

So far we have discussed foods to eat in hypothyroidism. Now we will see foods to avoid in hypothyroidism.

  1. Excessive green tea intake may be harmful in hypothyroidism. The catechin present in green tea can act as an anti-thyroid agent, causing hypothyroidism problems.
  2. Soybean and soy-rich foods may also cause hypothyroidism. Therefore, people who are consuming soy foods, they also need to take care of their iodine intake.
  3. One can consume green vegetables in thyroid, but a little careful. Raw or half-cooked green leafy vegetables such as broccoli, spinach, cauliflower and many other vegetables and fruits can inhibit the production of thyroid hormones, known as goitrogens.
  4. Stay away from gluten food as much as possible, because the consumption of gluten free food can cause thyroid to be largely correct or balanced.
  5. Do not consume junk food such as fried, spicy things, french fries, noodles and so on, as such foods are lacking in iodine and nutrients. With such foods you are at risk of increasing cholesterol.

2. What is Hyperthyroidism?

Hyperthyroidism is the condition when excess hormones are produced by the thyroid gland. It is also caused by grave disease, which is a type of autoimmune problem. This causes the thyroid gland to produce more thyroid hormone. It causes weight loss, increased heart rate, anxiety, irritability, irregular periods, insomnia, difficulty concentrating, increased appetite and moist skin problem. In such a situation, along with medical treatment, it is also important to take care of the right food.

Foods to eat with Hyperthyroidism

1. Fruits

fruits for thyroid diet(hyperthyroidism)

Always eat seasonal fruits. Many times in the market you will see those fruits, which do not have seasons. Do not consume those fruits in this situation. If there is a season of strawberries, pears and peaches, then consume them, as it contains ingredients that can inhibit the production of excessive thyroid hormone. Fruits are rich in many vitamins and minerals. At the same time, fruits like pomegranate, apple, orange and cherry have antioxidant properties. At the same time, avocado contains abundant protein, omega-3 fatty acids, vitamins, selenium and zinc, which can also prevent inflammation and heart disease. Also, you can also eat fruits like mango and guava.

2. Green vegetables

green vegetables for thyroid diet(hyperthyroidism)

Eat green vegetables like spinach, broccoli, cabbage, carrots, cauliflower and radish. Apart from this, you can take salad, in which you include tomato, cucumber and capsicum.

3. Eggs

eggs for hyperthyroidism

You can also eat eggs in food, but keep in mind that you should consume the white part of the egg. Iodine is high in egg yolk, so avoid its consumption.

4. Green tea

green tea for thyroid diet(hyperthyroidism)

You can also consume green tea in regular amounts. It may inhibit the production of hormones by the thyroid gland. It has anti-thyroid properties.

5. Dairy products

dairy products for hyperthyroidism

You can also consume dairy products. You can also take milk, curd and cheese in balanced quantities. If you can not digest milk products, you can also consume almond milk.

6. Meat, fish and chicken

meat, chicken and fish for hyperthyroidism

If you are a non-vegetarian, you can consume fish, but take care not to consume sea fish, because iodine is high in it. Apart from this, you can also eat chicken or meat.

You can eat dry fruits such as pistachios, almonds and walnuts. You can also include indigenous herbs like basil and celery in your diet. Also millet and brown rice can also be consumed.

Foods to avoid with Hyperthyroidism

What are the foods that should not be consumed in hyperthyroidism, we are talking about below.

  1. Do not eat foods with high iodine and selenium.
  2. Do not consume sugar or sugar-rich drinks or foods such as cold drinks, chocolate, candy and many other things. You can add honey to your diet instead of sugar.
  3. Avoid foods like bread, rice, pasta, naan and biscuits.
  4. Do not consume foods like junk food – burgers, fries and rolls.
  5. Do not consume fruit juice, instead you should eat fruit.

Some important diet tips for thyroid

We are also giving you some more diet tips, which you can follow. Not only changing the diet is not enough, but it is also important to follow the diet properly and take care of other small things.

  1. Include healthy fat in your daily diet.
  2. Do not drink immediately after eating, do not drink water during eating.
  3. Take vitamins and minerals, but first consult a doctor about this.
  4. Drink plenty amount of water.

Diet plays a very important role in the thyroid, but there are certain foods that can affect both hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism. Even the medicines taken during this time also affect them. Therefore, before taking any of the foods mentioned here, you should talk to your doctor.

The bottom line

Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are both serious health problems, so do not ignore them. If you ever feel unusual or uncomfortable in your health, see a doctor immediately and tell about your problems. Also, keep in mind the above things and food items and share your experiences with us. If you also have any information regarding diet in thyroid, then share it with us in the comment box below.

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