Thyroid Disease: Causes, Types, Symptoms, Treatment & Home Remedies

Thyroid Disease: Causes, Types, Symptoms, Treatment & Home Remedies

Thyroid is a disease that depends almost entirely on hormones. Our thyroid glands take iodine from the body and make them. These hormones are necessary for maintaining our metabolism. Most women become careless about their health and ignore the symptoms of thyroid as minor fatigue, but it is not advisable to do so as it may cause many health problems in future. Before talking about this problem, it is very important to know what is the thyroid and how it affects our health.

What is thyroid?

The thyroid is a small butterfly-shaped gland in the middle of the lower part of the neck that controls the body’s metabolism. Whatever we eat, this gland works to convert that food into energy. In addition, it also affects the heart, muscles, bones and cholesterol.

The thyroid gland is located in the lower part of our throat. This leads to the secretion of particular hormones T-3, T4 and TSH(Thyroid stimulating hormone), the imbalance of its quantity has an adverse effect on our health. These hormons are needed for all the cells of the body to function properly. Apart from this, T-3 and T-4 hormones also have a great contribution in controlling the process of metabolism. Therefore, the direct effect of decrease or excess in their secretions is seen on the appetite, weight, sleep and mood of the person.

How hair grows, what mood you are in, how well the immune system works, what is the energy level, how efficiently you digest food, how metabolism works and even your sexual power, all these depends on delicate balance of your thyroid harmones. This is the reason that when your thyroid is not working properly, you may see many such symptoms.

Thyroid causes

There are lot of things which causes thyroid


Soy products

Excess use of soy products in the form of isoflavone intensive soy protein, capsules, and powder may cause thyroid.


Stress can mess with you in every way and is one of the biggest reasons for thyroid function to deteriorate. Many people feel that thyroid problems started after a stressful time in their lives.

Vitamin A Deficiency

Vitamin A deficiency can cause problems for your thyroid as it has been shown to boost fat soluble vitamin T3 levels and normalize TSH.

Graves’ disease

Graves’ disease is the biggest cause of thyroid. In this, the secretion of thyroid hormone from the thyroid gland is greatly increased. Graves ‘disease mostly affects women between the ages of 20 and 40, because Graves’ disease is a hereditary disorder related to genetic factors, so thyroid disease can affect many people in the same family.

Low selenium

Selenium is required in your liver to change T4 to T3. Selenium also protects against autoimmune thyroid problems.

Excess or deficiency of iodine

iodine is required for the production of thyroid hormone, but iodine overdose or lack of it causes thyroid disease.

Hormone imbalance

Your hormones are all interlinked and the effect of dysfunction in an endocrine gland that produces any hormone can negatively affect your thyroid. Low estrogen, insulin registration and low testosterone all inhibit thyroid functions.


This protein is found in wheat, rye, oats, barley. Thus is an issue for many people with thyroid problems. This gluten is also present in these cereals, such as rava or semolina, porridge, sevaiyan, pasta and maida are products made from wheat.

Radiation Therapy

Due to radiation therapy of the head, neck and chest or due to radiation treatment for tonsils, lymph nodes, thymus gland problem or acne.


Menopause is also the cause of thyroid because many types of hormonal changes occur in a woman during menopause. Which sometimes causes thyroid.

Thyroid symptoms


Because of the thyroid the immunity of the body decreases, so due to this, many other problems start in the body. Common symptoms of thyroid include early fatigue, sluggish body, loss of energy after doing a little work, feeling depressed, feeling depressed at any work, weak memory and pain in muscles and joints. By considering all these problems as common, most people continue to ignore, which can prove to be dangerous later and can be fatal at times.

How thyroid is tested or Diagnosis of thyroid



Thorough screening of a thyroid patient is not possible through screening, but in many cases screening is also beneficial for a thyroid patient. Thyroid is detected by screening of thyroid-born patients and infants. Screening of thyroid is possible with screening in diabetics(type-1 and type-2).

Thyroid function tests(TFT)

Thyroid function test is done for a patient with thyroid. This test determines whether the patient is hypothyroid or hyperthyroid. For this, hormones that provoke thyroid are tested. TSH serum is more fatal in 80–90 percent of patients. TSH levels increase in patients with hypothyroidism and TSH levels decrease in patients with hyperthyroidism. TFT examination reveals the sensitivity of TSH serum so that a thyroid patient can be treated prematurely.


The hypothalamus, pituitary glands, and thyroid from the thyroid gland all contribute to the formation of thyroxine and triiodothyronine. Thyroid-stimulating hormones release T3 and T4 from thyroid. Thyroxine or T4 is the main hormone released from thyroid. Through physiology, these hormones are tested in the lab by which thyroid is detected. Therefore, the patient should undergo physiology in case of thyroid problem.


Thyroid can be examined to some extent by observing the behavior of the thyroid patient. Thyroid can be detected after delivery by looking at the health of the woman. It can be checked by normal health problem fever or colds, etc., by looking at the daily activities of people with type-1 diabetes, having difficulty moving the neck or looking around.

Thyroid treatment



The thyroid gland is partially removed by surgery, which is a very common method. In thyroid patients, the thyroid tissue is removed from his body by surgery which produces a large amount of thyroid hormones. But surgery also affects the surrounding tissue. Apart from this, the veins of the mouth and four others. The glands (also called parathyroid glands) are also affected which regulate calcium levels in the body. Thyroid surgery should be done for those patients who have difficulty swallowing food and have difficulty in breathing. Surgery is useful for pregnant women and children who cannot tolerate thyroid medicines.

Anti-thyroid medicines

There are common problems in thyroid such as fever, sore throat. These small problems can be caused by thyroid, so it should be examined before taking medicines. Thyroid patient should take anti-thyroid tablets after consulting a doctor. Anti-thyroid pills can be harmful for you without doctor’s advice.

Radioactive iodine treatment

The thyroid patient is given a radioactive iodine via a tablet or liquid. By this treatment, the more active gland of thyroid is cut and separated. The iodine given in it is different from the iodine scan. Radioactive iodine is given continuously after iodine scan checkup and iodine confirms the identity of hyperthyroidism. Radioactive iodine kills thyroid cells. The body does not have any side-effects with this therapy. This therapy eliminates thyroid problems in 8–12 months.

Also read: Thyroid Types: Hyperthyroidism & Hypothyroidism

How to control thyroid?

Avoiding all thyroid disease is not easy, but the problems caused by eating habits can be controlled . The thyroid gland can be maintained properly by proper iodine diet. Sea food and iodized salt etc. should be consumed. Also, avoid eating too much food which is prone to goitre. Stay away from cabbage, cauliflower and turnip etc. as there is a possibility of making goitre. Hyperthyroidism, or thyroid cancer cannot be stopped, but contact a doctor as soon as you see any symptoms of it.


Foods to avoid in thyroid

We can control the thyroid disease by Avoiding some foods and controlling our eating habits

  • Sugar – Avoid eating too much sugar when you have thyroid. If possible, avoid all those dishes which contain sugar.
  • Fried Foods – On thyroid, the doctor gives this hormone-producing drug. However, the effect of this medicine is reduced by eating fried food.
  • Coffee – Drinking too much coffee can also cause thyroid problems. Epinephrine and norepinephrine present in coffee promote thyroid.
  • Avoid Cabbage – If you are taking thyroid treatment, avoid eating cabbage and broccoli.
  • Gluten – Gluten contains proteins that weaken the immune system. Therefore, avoid it when you have thyroid.
  • Soy products – Like this, one should not eat soy during the treatment of hypothyroidism. However, it is said that you can eat it after 4 hours of taking thyroid medicine.

Leave a Reply